Troubleshooting your system and need a quick way to get your Windows version? Fortunately, you can use PowerShell to get the Windows version you are on.
Checking what version of Windows you use is essential to manage your system. And in this tutorial, you will learn many ways to get your Windows version and more.
Read on and decide for yourself which method suits you best!
This tutorial will be a hands-on demonstration. To follow along, ensure you have a Windows system. This tutorial uses Windows 11 with PowerShell 7.
Using PowerShell to Get the Windows Version
Before taking on complex stuff with PowerShell, start with the basics, like getting your system information. With PowerShell, you can quickly get the Window version via the
Open your PowerShell, and run the following command to get detailed information about your system, including the operating system (OS) version.
Below, you can see detailed information about the OS, including the current version number, 10.0.22622 N/A Build 22622.
Selecting Specific Properties to Get the Windows Version
Great! You have just retrieved detailed system information. But if you look closely, the command is short, yet the output seems a lot.
If you only want specific property values, the
Get-ComputerInfo command is one of the quickest methods of getting specific system information, like your Windows version.
Run the below to get the Windows version, product name, and version of Windows Kernel and your system hardware’s Operating Hardware Abstraction (OHA).
Below, piping the
Select-Object command to the
Get-ComputerInfo command lets you retrieve only select properties.
Get-ComputerInfo | Select-Object OSName, OSVersion, OsHardwareAbstractionLayer
As you can see, Windows 10 Pro is installed, and its version is 2009.
Retrieving the Windows Version via the
Another way to get the Windows version is through the
System.Environment class. This class provides access to system information, such as the OS version, username, and other environment variables.
System.Environment class also has a property called
OSVersion, which contains information about the current OS.
Run the following command to call the
OSVersion.Version property from the
System.Environment class. The double colon (
::) symbol is used to call static methods from a class.
As you can see below, the output displays the OSVersion information as follows:
|Major||10||Despite saying 10, this may indicate Windows 10 or 11 as both use the same Major version.|
|Minor||0||There are two types of Windows releases, major and minor. Major releases are the “big” updates like the Creator update, and minor releases are smaller cumulative updates.|
|Build||22622||The number used to check the Windows version. In this case, it is for version 22H2.|
|Revision||0||Denotes a sub-version of the build.|
Digging up Specific Property to Get the Windows Version
PowerShell cmdlets provide a handful of information about your system. But if you only plan to get your Windows version, the
Get-ItemProperty cmdlet is another option. This cmdlet command lets you access the registry and get various properties from it.
Run the below command to access the registry (
Get-ItemProperty) and retrieve the
DisplayVersion of your current Windows version (
HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion). The Display Version (ReleaseID is deprecated) is a unique identifier for each Windows version.
(Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion").DisplayVersion
Below, the command retrieves and prints the current Windows version, which is 22H2.
Querying for the Current Windows Version
You have seen how accessing properties lets you get your current Windows version. And while you are into properties, say hello to the
Get-CimInstance cmdlet is another way to get your Windows version by querying Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. Doing so lets you access various properties from your system hardware.
Run the following command to query (
Win32_OperatingSystem class (a WMI object) to get the current Windows
Win32_OperatingSystem class provides information about the OS.
(Get-CimInstance Win32_OperatingSystem) | Select-Object Caption, Version
As you can see below, this output is similar to using the
System.Environment class. But this time, you only get the actual OS version without the property headers. The revision was also omitted as it is unavailable from the WMI object.
Throughout this tutorial, you have learned a plethora of ways in PowerShell to get the current Windows version. Checking the Windows version in PowerShell is a valuable skill to have. This skill can be handy whether you are troubleshooting system issues or checking the compatibility of applications with your current OS.
Now, why not create a script for checking your Windows version? Perhaps schedule a task to run the script at certain times?